Karate is an amazing martial arts style that appeared on the island of Okinawa as a mixture of native forms of combat from Okinawa and China. The term karateka refers to him who practiceskarate.
The history of Karate goes back to the ancient times where the locals in the Ryukyu Islands developed a combat system simply called «te». The largest island in the Ryukyu region is Okinawa, which is generally considered the birthplace of karate.
In 1372, trade relations were established between the Ryukyu Islands and the Fujian province of China, and this eventually led many Chinese families to move to Okinawa. These Chinese families began to share the Chinese Kenpo with the natives of Okinawa, which was a mixture of Chinese and Indian fighting techniques. In this way the traditional fighting techniques of Okinawa began to change, even though many families simply were developing their own martial arts techniques. Still, there were three general forms that emerged and took their names from the areas which were developed-Shuri-te, Naha-te, and Tomari-te. The differences between these three forms were small and of the cities of Shuri, Tomar, Naha and were all very close to each other.
A student of Matsumura Sokon called Anko Itosu (1831-1915) often called «the grandfather of Karate.» The Itosu is known for the creation of simplified techniques for beginners and students who also contributed on the wider acceptance of karate. Along with this, he brought the teachings of karate schools in Okinawa and the styles he developed are widely used even today.
Karate is primarily a striking art that teaches the method of fighting with fists, kicks, knees, elbows, and blows with hand to disable the opponent. Beyond that, karate also teaches the defense in strikes and correct breathing pattern.